Stefan Luchian


Stefan Luchian (1868-1916) a painter who knew how keep the balance of his works and in the same time to transmit the subjects' frame of mind.


1868: He is born in Stefanesti, Botosani county.
1885: He studies at the Fine Arts School in Bucharest.
1889: Continues his studies, for one year, in Munich at the Academy of Fine Arts
1891: Gets its accomplishment in Paris at the Julian Academy.
1896: In the country, he is among the artists who take part in the organization of the "Non-affiliated Artists' Exhibition".
1898: He is one of the founders of the "Ileana" Artistic Society. After he have participated in 1892 in the "Artistic Youth Exhibition", his reputation as a painter was well-established.

At the dawn of the 20th century, Luchian was the Romanian painter with the most remarkable creation. He had inspiredly followed Nicolae Grigorescu's and Ion Andreescu's art, his two famous predecessors and fathers of the Romanian painting. His preference for a solid form, where senses associate reason, is visible in both the elements of the composition and the selection of colours. The secret of keeping the picture balance, which he possesses, makes the painter avoid an image dispersion and realise a good capturing of the real scenes. He painted landscapes and portraits as much as he painted compositions and still life, especially flowers. His landscapes equally show the interest in picturesque sights of nature for once and in the symbiosis between abundant vegetation and human appearances for another. (Ultima cursa de toamna/Last autumn ride, 1892; Margine de cring/Grove outskirts, 1903; Birt fara musterii/An empty pub, 1903; Marea Neagra la Tuzla/The Black Sea at Tuzla, 1904; Salciile de la Chiajna/Weeping willows at Chiajna, 1906; Fintina de la Brebu/The Brebu well, 1908; Dupa ploaie/After rain, 1909; Moara de la poduri/The Bridge Mill, 1909; Pe dealul Hinganilor/On the Hinganilor Hill, 1909; Vara/Summer, 1912). Painting flowers was a beloved occupation. Here his art was at the highest. (Dumitrita, 1904; Paralute, 1907; Garoafe/Carnations, 1907; Flori de tufanica /Large simple chrysanthema, 1908; Anemone/Wind flowers, 1910; Trandafiri/Roses, 1910; Maci/Poppies, 1910). Portraits painting excels in Safta florareasa/Safta the Florist, 1901, and Mos Nicolae Cobzarul/Mos Nicolae the Fiddler, 1906, and self-portraits, especially that called Un zugrav/A Painter, 1907. The same could be said about his compositions showing the country life in Romania about the year 1907, the year of peasants' uprisings. (Dupa munca, spre casa/Going home after the workday, 1905; La impartitul porumbului/On maize distribution, 1905; 1907 - epilogul rascoalei/1907- The end of the 1907 uprising). We would remark compositions apart such as the so-called Lautul/Washing (1911-1912), in which the compassionate feeling of the painter, painfully suffering himself, is a splendid human attitude as natural and simple as can be.