Sergiu Celibidache

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Sergiu Celibidache (1912-1996) musicologist, interpreter, professor, conductor of the Berlin, Stockholm and Munich Philarmonics.

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1912: Sergiu Celibidache is born on the 26th of June in Roman, Neamt County
- He first studies piano in Iasi and then in Bucharest. Studies Philosophy and Mathematics at the University of Bucharest.
1936: He goes to Berlin and continues his studies, largely concerning himself with wave mechanics, but also with musical studies. He writes his doctorate on Josquin des Pres. From 1939-45 he studies at the Berlin College of Music under Fritz Stein, Kurt Thomas and Walter Gmeindl. He studies composition with Heinz Tiessen, at the Frederich Wilhem University, philosophy with Eduard Spranger and Nicolae Hartman and music with Arnold Schering. He will get his doctorate in music from Berlin.
1945: Until 1952 Sergiu Celibidache is the conductor of Berlin Philharmonic. For three years, Celibidache conducted most concerts of the famous orchestra and proved his exceptional personality. Next years Celibidache mainly worked as a guest conductor.
1948: His debut in London. Then he frequently conducted in Italy.
1959: The Stuttgart Radio Orchestra regularly invited him.
1960: He hold master courses at the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena; the young conductors were extremely keen to be admitted.
1962: Until 1972 he is the conductor of the Radio Orchestra from Stockholm which he completely rebuilt
1971: He is awarded the Danish Leonie-Sonning prize
1972: Until 1977 he is the conductor of the Stuttgart Orchestra
1973: He was the primary permanent guest conductor of the French Orchestre National.
1979: He becomes the conductor of the Munich Philharmonic, which he made one of the best orchestras in the world. In Munich he held master courses in orchestral conducting. He also conducted the Royal Chapel of Copenhagen, the Scala de Milano orchestra, and the La Fenice Theater of Venice orchestra.
1991: He is made distinguished professor in Berlin
1992: Is made honor citizen of the city of Munich and honor member of the Romanian Academy
1993: He is awarded the great German Order of Arts "Maximillian".

He was a great interpreter of the post-romantic music, being number 1 in the world in conducting and understanding Anton Bruchner, and a great specialist of the impressionist French music, from Debussy to Ravel. Celibidache has refused all his life to make records and albums so the music will not suffer, until his last years when he made a few recordings. Celibidache also composed, but he refused to allow any performances of his compositions.