Romania In Brief

Grain fields

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  • Official name: Romania adopted in 1862 after Moldavia and Wallachia united.
  • Capital city: Bucharest (population: 2.037.278, in 1996)
  • Population: 21.698.181 (2002); density: 94,58/ km2; 89% Romanians, 7% Hungarians, Germans. Romanians abroad: 9 millions.
  • Official language: Romanian, of Latin origin. Other languages: Hungarian, German.
  • Religion: Christian-orthodox: 83%, Romano-catholic, Lutheran, Muslim, neo-protestant minorities.
  • Area: 237.500 km2, 12th in Europe;
  • Coordinates: 46:00:00 N, 25:00:00 E
  • Borders:
  • In north and east with The Ukraine (169 km) and Moldova Republic (450 km);
  • In north-west with Hungary (443 km);
  • In south-west with Yugoslavia (476 km);
  • In south with Bulgaria (608 km);
  • In southeast with Black Sea (245 km)

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