Nicolae Tonitza


Nicolae Tonitza (1886-1940) tried to immortalize the beauty of the subjects in his paintings full of light, ideally matching the form with the color.


1886: He is born in Barlad, Bacau county.

- He enters the Academy of Fine Arts in Iasi at a time when the Academy was in its heyday, studying at the same time as Stefan Dimitrescu does (later Tonitza, Dimitrescu, Sirato and O. Han were to form the "Group of the Four").
1908: He is in Munich for attending courses at the Bavarian Royal Academy of Fine Arts
1909: The next three years he is in Paris for studio visits and realisation of sketches after famous painters. Although the young artist's creation would initially conform to the manner of painting of the time, his endowment as a colourist and the "fraîcheur" of his feelings would take him irreversibly to the realm of originality.

The painter's aesthetics would stem from the Impressionism specificity. Equilibrium, hedonism- the unexpressed joy for the enchanting appearances of reality-, and a calm sensuality all concurred in rendering his pictures full of light, in exalting and matching colours, and in ideally matching the form (given by a gracefully imagined drawing) with colour. His commitment to his time events is best perceivable in his graphic work, malitious and sometimes dramatical (he sketched for many of the time magazines: Rampa, Flacara, Clopotul, Hiena, etc.), and in his articles, which mainly discussed cultural and social events. It proposed a classical aesthetical ideal, worshiped the beautiful, and viewed the art as a treasurer of spiritual values in eternity. His art is certainly there in the Dobrudja landscapes, in the portraits of clowns and children, in the portraits of young women, in still life, with its touch of mildness and vast canvas, where lights smoothly play on objects, with shining colors.