Geography

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Official name: România (Romania).
Capital: Bucharest.(Bucuresti)
Form of government: unitary republic with two legislative houses (Senate [143]; Assembly of Deputies [341{1}]).
Chief of state: President.
Head of government: Prime Minister.
Official language: Romanian.
Official religion: none.
Monetary unit: 1 Romanian leu (plural lei)=100 banii

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Location
South-eastern Europe, bordering the
Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine 

Geographic coordinates
46 00 N, 25 00 E 

Map references
Europe 

Area
total: 237,500 sq km

land: 230,340 sq km

water: 7,160 sq km

Land boundaries
total: 2,508 km 

Border countries
Bulgaria 608 km

Hungary 443 km

Moldova 450 km

Yugoslavia 476 km

Ukraine (north) 362 km

Ukraine (east) 169 km 

Coastline
225 km

Climate
temperate; cold, cloudy winters with
frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and
thunderstorms.

Terrain
central Transylvanian Basin is
separated from the Plain of Moldavia on the east by the Carpathian
Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the
Transylvanian Alps 

Elevation extremes
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m

highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m

Natural resources
petroleum, timber, natural gas, coal,
iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

Major Cities
Bucharest 2,300,000; Constanta
348,000; Iasi 340,000; Timisoara 328,000; Galati 327,000; Cluj-Napoca
326,000; Brasov 324,000