General Data about Romania

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Wars against the Ottomans

Michael The Great - Wars against the Ottomans - The end of the 16th century was dominated by the personality of Michael the Brav The end of the 16th century was dominated by the personality of Michael the Brave. He became voivode of Wallachia in 1593, joined the Christian League - an anti-Ottoman coalition initiated by the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire and he succeeded, following heavy battles (Calugareni, Giurgiu) to actually regain the independence of his country. In 1599-1600 he united for the...

Romanians, the first Christians in East Europe

Mircea the Old (1386-1418) Therefore, in the 6-7th centuries, when the formation process of the Romanian people was done, this nation emerged in history as a Christian one. This is why, unlike the neighbouring nations, which have established dates of Christianization (the Bulgarians - 865, the Serbs - 874, the Poles-966, the eastern Slavs - 988, the Hungarians - the year 1000), the Romanians do not...

The Dacians

The Dacians - Romania is situated in Central Europe, in the northern part of the Balkan peninsula and its territory is marked by Romania is situated in Central Europe, in the northern part of the Balkan peninsula and its territory is marked by the Carpathian Mountains, the Danube and the Black Sea. With its temperate climate and varied natural environment, which is favourable to life, the Romanian territory has been inhabited since time immemorial. The research done by Romanian archaeologists has led...

Romanian flag Coat of arms

Wallachian flag The Romanian flag still keeps the 1848 revolutionary spirit: "Justice and brotherhood". Its colors mean blue sky (freedom), gold grains (wealth) and red blood (heroes' sacrifices). The official flag of Romania is blue, yellow, red in three vertical stripes and was adopted revolutionary flag in 1848. The coat of arm represent each historical region: Wallachia – a golden...

Romanian language evolution

1918 Union resolution The language is one of the things that make us special. Here is a short history of the Romanian language and the major influences it suffered from the neighboring languages. Linguists, when studying the Romanian language, usually go back in their studies as far as 2000 years. At that time, the area that today is Romania was occupied by the Dacian civilization (tribes of...

Flora and fauna

Flora and fauna in Apuseni Mountains The flora and fauna from Romania are one of the richest and divers in Europe with rare and even unique species. There identified in Romania 3700 species of plants: 23 monuments of nature, 74 extinct, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable and 1253 rare. There are also over 600 species of alga and 700 species of sea and coast plant. The dominant flora is the one specific for the...

Climate

Romania's climate range Romania's climate range between the mild temperate and the harsher extremes of the continental one. In the centre and west, humid Atlantic climatic characteristics prevail; in the southeast the continental influences of the East European Plain can be felt; and in the far south-east there are even milder sub-Mediterranean influences. This overall pattern, however, is...

Romania In Brief

Grain fields Official name: Romania adopted in 1862 after Moldavia and Wallachia united. Capital city: Bucharest (population: 2.037.278, in 1996) Population: 21.698.181 (2002); density: 94,58/ km2; 89% Romanians, 7% Hungarians, Germans. Romanians abroad: 9 millions. Official language: Romanian, of Latin origin. Other languages: Hungarian, German. Religion: Christian-orthodox: 83%,...

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