Flora and fauna

Flora and fauna in Apuseni Mountains


The flora and fauna from Romania are one of the richest and divers in Europe with rare and even unique species. There identified in Romania 3700 species of plants: 23 monuments of nature, 74 extinct, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable and 1253 rare. There are also over 600 species of alga and 700 species of sea and coast plant.


The dominant flora is the one specific for the forests. The forests covered in the past almost all territory of the Romania, except for the south-east region. Slowly, they become agricultural lands. Today, the forest cover 26,2% (6 366 000 ha) of the Romanian territory: beech-tree (2 mill ha), oak (1,1 mill ha), coniferous tree (1,9 mill ha). Extended areas over 1800 meters altitude are pasture lands with a specific flora.

The fauna in Romania records 33.792 animal species: 33085 invertebrate and 707 vertebrate. Chamois, brown bear, Carpathian dear, wolf and lynx populate the mountains areas and the rabbit, fox, wild bear, partridge and quail populate the hills and the plains.

The Danube Delta with a total surface of 1,950 square miles (1,750 square miles on Romania territory) is a sanctuary for the native species or migratory birds or fishes (carp, pike, zander). The sturgeons can be found in the lower part of the Danube and the Dolphins, herrings and maqreau in the Black Sea.