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Sergiu Celibidache

Sergiu Celibidache (1912-1996) musicologist, interpreter, professor, conductor of the Berlin, Stockholm and Munich Philarmonics. 1912: Sergiu Celibidache is born on the 26th of June in Roman, Neamt County - He first studies piano in Iasi and then in Bucharest. Studies Philosophy and Mathematics at the University of Bucharest. 1936: He goes to Berlin and continues his...

Dinu Lipatti

Dinu Lipatti (1917-1950) Romanian musician and one of the greatest piano players of the century. His renditions of Bach, Schumann or Chopin delight even today the music fans. 1917: On the 19th of March, Dinu Lipatti is born in Bucharest. His mother is an excellent pianist, and his father is a talented amateur who have studied violin with Pablo Sarasate. 1920: The boy shows...

George Enescu

George Enescu (1881-1955) composer, violinist, pianist, conductor and teacher preeminent musician of the 20th century; one of the greatest interprets of his time. 1881: On the 19th of August he is born in Liveni-Varnav (today Geoge Enescu), Botosani county, few kilometers away from the place where Mihai Eminescu was born in 1850. His father, Costache, who had a great memory...

Constantin Brancusi

Constantin Brancusi sculptors Constantin Brancusi (1876-1957) the greatest Romanian sculptor and one of the greatest creators of the modern art. 1876: On the 19th of February, Constantin Brancusi is born in Hobita, Jiu county. 1894: He studies art at the Scoala de Meserii (School of Arts and Crafts) in Craiova until 1898 1898: He studies at the Scoala Nationala de Arte Frumoase (National School of Fine...

Theodor Aman

Theodor Aman painting Theodor Aman (1831-1891) with historical compositions contributed to the spread of the national spirit, specific for the decades that followed the 1848 revolution. 1831: He was born in Campulung-Muscel. - He takes drawing lessons with Constantin Lecca painter, at the Central School from Craiova. 1850: He goes to Paris, where studies painting with Michel Martin Drolling....

Theodor Pallady

Theodor Pallady (1871-1956) followed precise rational rules in his paintings in order to capture only the essence for eternity. 1871: He was born in Iasi. 1887: Until 1889 he studied at the Polytechnic of Dresden. At this time Erwin Oehme was the person who realises, while teaching him lessons of drawing and painting, the special artistic gift he has. Oehme was straight in...

Stefan Luchian

Stefan Luchian (1868-1916) a painter who knew how keep the balance of his works and in the same time to transmit the subjects' frame of mind. 1868: He is born in Stefanesti, Botosani county. 1885: He studies at the Fine Arts School in Bucharest. 1889: Continues his studies, for one year, in Munich at the Academy of Fine Arts 1891: Gets its accomplishment in Paris at the...

Nicolae Tonitza

Nicolae Tonitza (1886-1940) tried to immortalize the beauty of the subjects in his paintings full of light, ideally matching the form with the color. 1886: He is born in Barlad, Bacau county. - He enters the Academy of Fine Arts in Iasi at a time when the Academy was in its heyday, studying at the same time as Stefan Dimitrescu does (later Tonitza, Dimitrescu, Sirato and O...

Ion Andreescu

Ion Andreescu (1850-1882) one of the greatest Romanian painters, a master of colors. 1850: He was born in Bucharest. 1869: He enters Theodor Aman's Fine Arts School. 1872: He becomes teacher of linear drawing and calligraphy at the Bishopry School in Buzau. 1873: He leaves the Bishopry School for the "Tudor Vladimirescu" Communal Secondary School to leave it, in turn, for...

Nicolae Grigorescu

Nicolae Grigorescu (1838-1907) the greatest Romanian painter is remarkable for the variety of the subjects and also for his original style derived from realism. 1837: He was born on the 15 of May, in Pitaru (Dambovitza County), the sixth son of Ion and Ruxandra Grigorescu. 1845: His father, Ion Grigorescu, dies and the whole family goes to live in Bucharest. 1848: Nicolae...

Marin Preda

Marin Preda (1922-1980) one of the greatest contemporary Romanian novelists. 1922: On the 5th of August, Marin Preda is born in Silistea Gumesti, Teleorman county. He attends primary school in his native village. 1937: In September his father sends him to school in Abrud, and then he goes to Cristur-Odorhei. 1940: The school he is attending closes and Marin Preda is moved...

Eugen Ionesco

Eugen Ionesco (1909-1994) dramatist, poet, literary critic, founder of the absurd theater. 1909: He is born on November 26th (the 13th according to the Orthodox calendar) in Slatina (Romania), 150 km from Bucharest. His father, a Romanian lawyer, was also called Eugen Ionescu. His mother, Thérèse Ipcar, was the daughter of a French engineer who had settled in Romania...

Emil Cioran

Emil Cioran 1911-1994 essayist, philosopher and moralist 1911: Emil Cioran is born on the 18th of April at Răşinari, where his father was a priest. He studies at the Gheorghe Lazăr High School in Sibiu 1928: Until 1932 he attends the courses of the Faculty of Philosophy in Bucharest and he completes this courses with a thesis about Henry Bergson 1933: He is granted a...

Mircea Eliade

Mircea Eliade 1907-1986 an erudite in the comparative history of religions, novelist essayist and philosopher. 1907: Mircea Eliade is born on the 9th of March in Bucharest as the second son of captain Gheorghe Eliade and Ioana Eliade 1917: He is admitted at Spiru Haret High School 1921: On the 12th of May he makes his debut with Inamicul viermelui de mătase 1923: He learns...

Lucian Blaga

Lucian Blaga (1895-1961) Romanian poet and philosopher. 1895: On the 9th of May, Lucian Blaga is born in Lancrăm, near Alba Iulia. He is the ninth child of a priest’s family. He starts primary school in his native village, but hw will continue his studies in Sebeş and then the high school in Braşov. Even since this period he becomes familiar to Friedrich Schiller’s works...

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