Culture & Science

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Carpenter's trade

An old and important skill is the carpenter's trade, that needs not only tools for the wood carving in order to built dwellings and shelters but also technical knowledge of joining, raising and orientation. A settlement known for this kind of occupation is Brusturoasa in Bacau as well as Somanesti village in Gorj. Two typical traditional artistic Romanian trades are also...

Black ceramics

The pottery is assured by the Romanian people's continuity in this territory, the pottery tradition existing since the Dacian age to nowadays. The ceramics articles distinguish through the forms' elegance and the decoration. The traditional ceramics is shaped at the wheel. Its burning is usually made in horizontal stoves through two techniques: with oxidation and without...

Artistic sewing, weaving & Carpets

The Romanian folk art is especially famous for the numerous traditional skills: weaving, the wood's artistic processing, the icon painting, the eggs' colouring, pottery, the folk masks' manufacturing.The artistic weaving has a special place in the traditional handicraft art. The artistic weaving and sewing were skills made in the family and represented a part of the...

Romania Traditions Customs Holidays National Day

Easter painted eggs A calendar containing the official, religious and traditional holidays with short descriptions of the popular customs on these occasions. v† 1st of January – New Year's Day and Saint Vasile’s Day. Popular tradition – large group of people go from house to house to greet the villagers. v† 6th of January – The Epiphany – The day when Jesus was baptized by Saint John....

Roumanie éthnographie Folk costumes Danses populaires architecture

Les coutumes traditionnelles de la Roumanie, environ 90 zones ethnographiques développées en étroite collaboration avec celle de groupes ethniques voisins: Szekler, Saxons, les Souabes, les Turcs, les Tatars, les Bulgares, Serbes, Ukrainiens, Arméniens, Juifs, Tziganes. Bien qu'il combine les influences de ces aires culturelles, et ses principales caractéristiques sont les...

Romania Ethnography Folk costumes Dances Popular architecture

The traditional customs of the approximately 90 Romanian ethnographical areas developed in close contact with that of neighboring ethnic groups: Szekler, Saxons, Swabians, Turks, Tatars, Bulgarians, Serbians, Ukranians, Armenians, Jewish, Gypsies. Although it combines influences from such cultural areas, its main features remain the same for more than 2000 years. The...

The Romanian tradition

The Romanian tradition - source of World Of Gobelins - An example of art and sensibility is the Gobelin tapestry spread all over The Romanian tradition - is a source of World Of Gobelins. One of the fundamental traits of the Romanian country is the folk culture in all its varieties. The folklore represents for the people of Romania a way of life, handed down from father to son, from mother to daughter, from generation to generation. There are a lot of tradition which are well preserved from ancient...

Traian Vuia

Traian Vuia's plane Traian Vuia (1872-1950) Romanian inventor, designed and flew the world's first aircraft to use flight control instruments. 1872: Traian Vuia is born on the 17th of August in a village known as Surducul Mic, Timis County. Today this village bears the inventor's name: Traian Vuia. 1878: Vuia goes to primary school in his village, after which he leaves the village for the town...

Emil Racovita

Emil Racovita (1868-1947) Romanian biologist, president of Romania Academy; on Amundsen's Belgica on its cruise to the Antarctic continent. 1868: Emil Racovita is born in Iasi on the 15th of November. He spent his childhood at Soranesti, Vaslui County, in the family estate. He is educated in Iasi under the guidance of professor and writer Ion Creanga and after wards he...

Anghel Saligny

Anghel Saligny's bridge over Danube Anghel Saligny (1854-1925) Romanian civil engineer and scientist; first to make use of reinforced concrete; designed and built the longest bridge in Europe at that time. 1882: He produces the layout for and realises the construction of the railway bridges on the line between Adjud and Tg Ocna, and the double way viaduct and railway bridge on the Siret, at Cosmesti, to be...

Henri Coanda

Henri Coanda (1886-1972) Romanian engineer, specialist in aerodynamics; he achieved in 1910 the first aero reactive flight in the world. 1886: On the 7th of June Henri Coanda is born in Bucharest. - He attends the courses of "Sf. Sava" College in Bucharest and Military High School in Iasi. 1905: Graduates the Military School of Artilery in Bucharest. 1906: He makes his...

Aurel Vlaicu

Aurel Vlaicu's plane - Vlaicu 2 Traian Vuia (1872-1950) Romanian inventor, designed and flew the world's first aircraft to use flight control instruments. 1872: Traian Vuia is born on the 17th of August in a village known as Surducul Mic, Timis County. Today this village bears the inventor's name: Traian Vuia. 1878: Vuia goes to primary school in his village, after which he leaves the village for the town...

George Emil Palade

George Emil Palade (1912-) Nobel Prize Laureate for Medicine (1974) for discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cells. 1912: He is born on the 19th of November in Iasi, Iasi County - M.D. from the School of Medicine of the University of Bucharest and Member of the Faculty of the School of Medicine 1945: Goes to the United States for...

Gheoghe Marinescu

Gheorghe Marinescu (1863-1938) neurologist; founder of the Romanian School of Neurology; among the first in the world to apply methods from histology in neurology. Although attracted by technical matters, mathematics and engineering, he studied at the Faculty of Medicine from Bucharest. During his studies in Paris (1889) he made the first X-rays photos in acromegalia. In...

Victor Babes

Victor Babes (1854-1926) Romanian physician, founder of modern microbiology; he wrote the first treatise on bacteriology; discovered more than 50 new germs and initiated serotherapy and was one of the first in promoting modern ideas about antibiotics. 1854: He is born in Wien, in a family from Banat region. - Victor Babes studies medicine even if he wants to become an actor...

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