The Black Sea and the Danube Delta

The Black Sea and the Danube Delta -Altogether, the Romanian Black Sea has a coastline for 225 km.


Altogether, the Romanian Black Sea has a coastline for 225 km. The countries that share the Black Sea are: Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia, Russia, Ukraine.


Because the Black Sea tides are practically not-existent, the swimming is safer than in most parts of the world. At the Black Sea resorts you can windsurf, water-ski and scuba dive. Canoeing or kayaking is possible on rivers and lakes, while a kayak is the ideal way to explore the Danube Delta.

Constanta is an old Greek city, Tomi, dating from 6 century B.C. Now is an international airport, seaport, and a touristic city with hotels, shops, ancient monuments, a casino by the sea and interesting museums. From Bucharest to Constanta are 2 and 1/2 hours by trains or car. From Constanta all the Black Sea resorts are easily accessible either by train or bus.

The major resort near Constanta is Mamaia, between a 7 km long beach of fine sand and a lake. Sports like sub-aqua diving and paragliding are accessible from May to October. Restaurants, bars and nightclubs enliven the evenings. Typical country villages and the Danube Delta are easily accessible. Greek ruins can be also visited.

The Danube Delta, a UNESCO protected biosphere reservation, is unique in Europe.

The Danube, 2.858 km long and 817.000 km square basin area (8% of Europe’s area), is among world’s rivers, on the 15th position lengthwise and on the 17th position in basin area. The name of the river comes from the Latin Danubius, but in antiquity Istros or Ister were constantly used as well. The river springs from the Black Forest Mountains and it flows into the Black after it runs across Europe from northwest to south east, making up a natural passage. The navigable length is at present 2,575 km, most of this route being accessible only to fluvial ships.

The A.R.B.D.D. (The Administration of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve) have identified 5,200 species and this represents an outstanding diversity. Whereas the Delta is strictly protected from intrusion, the southern 72 km area has been developed into a string of beach resorts and health spas.

As far as flora is concerned they are identified over 955 species of spontaneous cormophytes, representing Euro-Asiatic elements (28 %). The Danube Delta is a genuine fauna paradise. Over 98% of the aquatic European fauna lives here.

Among the other spas Neptun, Olimp, Venus, Jupiter are the most popular, offering luxurious villas and hotels, some on the beach, others in the Comorova forest between the shore and a lake. Tennis, golf and the popular mini-golf and other sports, open air restaurants, discos, night clubs and cabarets. For ancient ruins one can visit Mangalia, which is a Greek city from the 6 century B.C. (Kallatis). The name of Mangalia appears for the first time in 1593.