Artistic sewing, weaving & Carpets
The Romanian folk art is especially famous for the numerous traditional skills: weaving, the wood's artistic processing, the icon painting, the eggs' colouring, pottery, the folk masks' manufacturing.The artistic weaving has a special place in the traditional handicraft art. The artistic weaving and sewing were skills made in the family and represented a part of the Romanian woman's main occupation.
From the daily clothes to those of feast and to the textiles that "dressed" their house, everything was made by the hard-working hands of the Romanian woman from the village. The material used is: the cotton, the natural silk, the flax, the wool, especially for the textiles for the interior (towels, carpets).
The handmade textures, although made with lathes simple enough, can be executed in the most complicated techniques, high quality pieces being obtained. Inside the peasent houses, the carpets were the folk pieces for decoration. In Moldavia, there are different types of carpets - even (kilim type) and with knots (Oriental type). The carpet of Oriental type, also named "rug" is different by the traditional Oriental carpet through the smaller densuty of the knots and the bigger length of the threads.
The Romanian rugs vary from a region to another. Regarding the decoration, the rugs in Moldavia, have more pronounced borders with models representing little branches that repeat in ranges in order to create a life tree. In the Northeast of Moldavia, the rugs have a decoration mainly based on stylized symbolical motifs and with a varied chromatics.
In Oltenia, the rugs distinguish through models that symbolises the nature - flowers, birds and often, women silhouettes in traditional costumes. Another different style is that from Maramures. Using natural colours, the decoration is represented by squares that alternate, each of these squares containing a figure that represent a scene from the nature or from the daily life.
Often , the borders of these rugs represent the stars from the sky or a traditional village dance.famous centres for the traditional artistic textures exist in Modavia in Bucovina region at Ciocanesti (carpets), Carlibaba (textoles for the interior), in Transylvania, such textiles can be found at Sancraieni (Harghita), Bargau (carpets) and Bistrita-Bargaului (textures and seams with a varied chromatics), and in Bistrita-Nasud. In Mountaina, weaving centres are in Arges area at Leresti and Topoloveni.