Anghel Saligny

Anghel Saligny's bridge over Danube


Anghel Saligny (1854-1925) Romanian civil engineer and scientist; first to make use of reinforced concrete; designed and built the longest bridge in Europe at that time.


1882: He produces the layout for and realises the construction of the railway bridges on the line between Adjud and Tg Ocna, and the double way viaduct and railway bridge on the Siret, at Cosmesti, to be the bridgework which makes his reputation as civil engineer.
1884: He dedicates the next years, until 1889, to constructing shipbuilding docks and warehouses in Galati and Braila.
1888: The originality of his solutions for these constructions should be remarked: fascine works and pile foundations for the embankment, the Danube connected basins for bins, and for the first time in the world, he made use of reinforced concrete to construct silos.
1895: Designs and builds the the bridge over the Danube at Cernavoda, which at the time of its being erected, was the longest in Europe.
- Saligny's layout for the bridgework was double innovative: a new projecting beam system for the bridge superstructure and the replacement of puddled iron by soft steel as building material for the bridge planks. He directed the Constanta harbour set up activities, being the first in Romania who used reinforced steel piles and foundation rafts for harbour constructions and who produced lay -outs for silos and oil stations. Saligny's construction works also included the Tg Jiu-Filiasi railway, the railway tunnel on the Mostistea Valley, the Ramadan harbour (Giurgiu), etc.
1907: Until 1916 he was President of the Romanian Academy.